counts of catalonia
The plains and the water that descend from the Pyrenees have made it fertile territory for agriculture and numerous irrigation canals have been built. In main celebrations, other elements of the Catalan popular culture are also usually present: parades with gegants (giants), bigheads, stick-dancers and musicians, and the correfoc, where devils and monsters dance and spray showers of sparks using firecrackers. Location. As a coastal territory, Catalonia became the base of the Aragonese Crown's maritime forces, which spread the power of the Aragonese Crown in the Mediterranean, and made Barcelona into a powerful and wealthy city. , Catalonia is internationally recognized for its fine dining. The ‘cradle’ of Catalonia. Count of Cervera Principality of Catalonia Nobility Coat of arms, crown, rectangle, logo, arm png After Franco's death in 1975 and the adoption of a democratic constitution in Spain in 1978, Catalonia recovered and extended the powers that it had gained in the Statute of Autonomy of 1932 but lost with the fall of the Second Spanish Republic at the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939. ), ham or cheeses. Intensive agriculture, livestock farming and industrial activities have been accompanied by a massive tourist influx (more than 20 million annual visitors), a rate of urbanization and even of major metropolisation which has led to a strong urban sprawl: two thirds of Catalans live in the urban area of Barcelona, while the proportion of urban land increased from 4.2% in 1993 to 6.2% in 2009, a growth of 48.6% in sixteen years, complemented with a dense network of transport infrastructure. , In the context of the financial crisis of 2007–2008, Catalonia was expected to suffer a recession amounting to almost a 2% contraction of its regional GDP in 2009. El patrimoni cultural català en 3D, The Diocesan and Regional Museum of Solsona, Romanesque weekend: from the Ripollès to Northern Catalonia, Festival de Música Clàssica de Prada (Prada Classical Music Festival), Romanesque weekend: the Pallars and the Alt Urgell, Sucession and the Peninsular War, among others. Its seat is the Palau de la Generalitat, in Barcelona. It has five channels: TV3, El 33, Super3, 3/24, Esport3 and TV3CAT. Other smaller Catalan television channels include; 8TV (owned by Grup Godó), Barça TV and the local televisions, the greatest exponent of which is betevé [ca], the TV channel of Barcelona, which also broadcasts in Catalan. The controversial independence referendum in Catalonia on 1 October 2017 led to a political and constitutional crisis in Spain and deep division among people in the autonomous community. The most outstanding authors of this period are Salvador Espriu, Josep Pla, Josep Maria de Sagarra (the latter three being considered as the main responsible of the renewal of Catalan prose), Mercè Rodoreda, Joan Oliver Sallarès or "Pere Quart", Pere Calders, Gabriel Ferrater, Manuel de Pedrolo, Agustí Bartra or Miquel Martí i Pol. The same constitution gave Catalonia the automatic right to autonomy, which resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979. Comarques have no particular relation to the "counties" that were ruled by counts. Extranjeros con tarjeta de residencia. Spring and autumn are typically the rainiest seasons, except for the Pyrenean valleys, where summer is typically stormy. Register Familypedia. With the restoration of democracy, many newspapers and magazines, until then in the hands of the Franco government, were recovered in order to convert them into free and democratic media, while local radios and televisions were implemented. Whichich does not imply any repercussion effect given that the operating centers and corporate headquarters have not been transferred, and social headquarters only affect the taxes managed by the Spanish central government. Renaissance. In everyday use, 11.95% of the population claim to use both languages equally, whereas 45.92% mainly use Spanish and 35.54% mainly use Catalan. In Catalonia that wave of internal migration arrived from several regions of Spain, especially from Andalusia, Murcia and Extremadura. It then came under Visigothic rule after the collapse of the western part of the Roman Empire. Two major factors were Spain's Constitutional Court's 2010 decision to declare part of the 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia unconstitutional, as well as the fact that Catalonia contributes 19.49% of the central government's tax revenue, but only receives 14.03% of central government's spending. This matrimonial union was transformed into a personal union when the son of this marriage, Alfonso the … Sport has a distinct importance in Catalan life and culture since the beginning of the 20th century and consequently, has a well developed sport infrastructure. In 1832 it was inaugurated in Barcelona the factory Bonaplata, the first of the country which worked with steam engine. A connection to the French high-speed TGV network has been completed (called the Perpignan–Barcelona high-speed rail line) and the Spanish AVE service began commercial services on the line 9 January 2013, later offering services to Marseille on their high speed network. The largest Catalan nationalist party, Convergence and Union, ruled Catalonia from 1980 to 2003, and returned to power in the 2010 election. ", "Catalonia can call itself a 'nation', rules Spain's top court 29 Jun 2010", "A nationality, not a nation Jul 1st 2010", "Padró municipal d'habitants. Texte du rabat
Source: Wikipedia. Share it! Casa … Category:Counts of Catalonia | Familypedia | Fandom. Charles II had chosen Philip V of Spain from the French House of Bourbon. Noucentisme. 270,722 Pages. , Olympic Park of Montjuïc, Barcelona. Detailed information about the coin Louis d'or, Louis XIII (Count of Catalonia), France, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data  From the next prehistoric era, the Epipalaeolithic or Mesolithic, important remains survive, the greater part dated between 8000 and 5000 BC, such as those of Sant Gregori (Falset) and el Filador (Margalef de Montsant). It is situated on the northeastern corner of Iberian Peninsula and is voted as an ethnic group by its statute of autonomy. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). There are 12,000 kilometres (7,500 mi) of roads throughout Catalonia. Origin of the flag of Catalonia. Epidemic curves were characterised for the 2010-2011 to 2019-2020 influenza seasons. At the end of the 9th century, the Count of Barcelona Wilfred the Hairy made his title hereditary and founded the dynasty of the House of Barcelona, which ruled Catalonia until 1410. Catalan art Catalan art. This is every important in Catalonia and the Catalan-speaking areas, and families go to watch major parades on the eve of the Epiphany, where they can greet the kings and watch them pass by in pomp and circumstance, on floats and preceded and followed by pages, musicians, dancers, etc. In order to collect general taxes, the Courts of 1359 established a permanent representative of deputies position, called the Deputation of the General (and later usually known as Generalitat), which gained political power over the next centuries.. In 718, the … Memory and Avant-garde. Províncies", "Extranjeros con certificado de registro o tarjeta de residencia en vigor. The fight between the houses of Bourbon and Habsburg for the Spanish Crown split Spain and Europe.  State televisions that broadcast in Catalonia in Spanish language include Televisión Española (with few emissions in Catalan), Antena 3, Cuatro, Telecinco, and La Sexta. It involves well-pondered perception of situations, level-headedness, awareness, integrity, and right action. The war of Spanish Succession broke out, and just when all seemed to be going well, the Archduke’s brother died and Carles was called back to Vienna to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor.  The French troops evacuated Catalan territory at the end of 1814. This process was boosted by, amongst other things, national protectionist laws [es] (although the policy of the Spanish government during those times changed many times between free trade and protectionism) and the conditions of proto-industrialization of the prior two centuries of the Catalan urban areas and its countryside. The Carthaginians briefly ruled the territory in the course of the Second Punic War and traded with the surrounding Iberian population. Romanticism and Industrialization. Since then they have both used the same arms . The Catalan Counties. At the northern entrance to the cathedral of Barcelona (Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia – in short La Seu) you are able to see a small sculpture (a high-relief) that shows this legendary saint. Apply. Volker Liebermann, 20 August 2004. Christmas in Catalonia lasts two days, plus Christmas Eve. In the 25 November 2012 Catalan parliamentary election, sovereigntist parties supporting a secession referendum gathered 59.01% of the votes and held 87 of the 135 seats in the Catalan Parliament. Thus, in 1990, the Catalan government created the Nature Conservation Council (Catalan: Consell de Protecció de la Natura), an advisory body with the aim to study, protect and manage the natural environments and landscapes of Catalonia. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the institutions of Catalan autonomy continued to develop, among them an autonomous police force (Mossos d'Esquadra, in 1983), and the broadcasting network Televisió de Catalunya and its first channel TV3, created in 1983. The biggest are the lake of Banyoles and the recently recovered lake of Ivars. Mapa. The geography is conditioned by the Mediterranean coast, with 580 kilometres (360 miles) of coastline, and large relief units of the Pyrenees to the north. English translation unavailable for José Segrelles, mestre de la fantasia. Despite this fact, between the 16th and 18th centuries, the participation of the political community in the local and the general Catalan government grew, while the kings remained absent and its constitutional system continued to consolidate. MARC PIETER KAARS SIJPESTEIJN27-01-20. Later, horror films and thrillers have also emerged as a specialty of the Catalan film industry, thanks in particular to the vitality of the Sitges Film Festival, created in 1968.  Most of Catalan Sports Federations have a long tradition and some of them participated in the foundation of international sports federations, as the Catalan Federation of Rugby, that was one of the founder members of the Fédération Internationale de Rugby Amateur (FIRA) in 1934. Baroque had composers like Joan Cererols. The inland part of Catalonia is hotter and drier in summer. , The stock market of Barcelona, which in 2016 had a volume of around €152 billion, is the second largest of Spain after Madrid, and Fira de Barcelona organizes international exhibitions and congresses to do with different sectors of the economy.. See also. Share it! The Serra del Cadí comprises the highest peaks in the Pre-Pyrenees and forms the southern boundary of the Cerdanya valley. between the counts of Barcelona and the kings of Aragon gave rise to the kingdom of Catalonia and Aragon, which built a medieval maritime and commercial empire in the Mediterranean. Worn first by Josep Maria Forn or Bigas Luna, then by Marc Recha, Jaime Rosales and Albert Serra, this genre has achieved some international recognition. Since 1980 they have been under the command of the Generalitat, and since 1994 they have expanded in number in order to replace the national Civil Guard and National Police Corps, which report directly to the Homeland Department of Spain. Temperature may reach 35 °C (95 °F), some days even 40 °C (104 °F). Originating in the historic territory of Catalonia, Catalan has enjoyed special status since the approval of the Statute of Autonomy of 1979 which declares it to be "Catalonia's own language", a term which signifies a language given special legal status within a Spanish territory, or which is historically spoken within a given region.  Catalonia's debt in 2012 was the highest of all Spain's autonomous communities, reaching €13,476 million, i.e. Other popular musical styles were born in the second half of the 20th century such as Nova Cançó from the 1960s with Lluís Llach and the group Els Setze Jutges, the Catalan rumba in the 1960s with Peret, Catalan Rock from the late 1970s with La Banda Trapera del Río and Decibelios for Punk Rock, Sau, Els Pets, Sopa de Cabra or Lax'n'Busto for pop rock or Sangtraït for hard rock, electropop since the 1990s with OBK and indie pop from the 1990s. Present. … Every comarca is administered by a comarcal council (consell comarcal). Areas within the Pre-Coastal Range include Montserrat, Montseny and the Ports de Tortosa-Beseit. On the other hand, and while Catalonia has not yet reached the peak of healthcare pressure, it seems that in Madrid admissions have fallen, reports Mariona Ferrer and Fornells. Church of Santa Maria de Mur Conquered … Since then the Catalan people have been engaged in a peaceful str uggle to win back their rights … Along the century, textile industry flourished in urban areas and in the countryside, usually in the form of company towns. Others dishes include the calçotada, escudella i carn d'olla, suquet de peix (fish stew), and a dessert, Catalan cream. "First article of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia. Catalonia Barcelona facts in brief Part of Braun and Hogenberg I-5 map: Maps on our site: 1572, Braun and Hogenberg, Civitates Orbis Terrarum, map I-5; after 1706, Sebastien de Beaulieu, Plan de la Ville de Barcelone; after 1706, Sebastien de Beaulieu, Plan de la Citadelle... 1764, Joseph Roux, Receuil des principaux plans..., pl. Catalonia and the Catalan people are defined as a. The biggest football clubs are FC Barcelona (also known as Barça), who have won five European Cups (UEFA Champions League), and RCD Espanyol, who have twice been runner-up of the UEFA Cup. Heritage on the map Apply. Present. Having received no military support from the Franks, Count Borrell II declared independence, and although not recognised by the Franks until 1258, an independent state called Catalonia was born. Philip felt that he had been betrayed by the Catalan Courts, as it had initially sworn its loyalty to him when he had presided over it in 1701. Churches often host exhibits of numerous dioramas by nativity scene makers, or a single nativity scene they put out, and town halls generally put out a nativity scene in the central square. The territor y was supposed to protect the French Empire from the Islamic invasions. This decision sparked demonstrations around Catalonia..  This new line passes through Girona and Figueres with a tunnel through the Pyrenees. Coat of arms of Catalonia; Blazon: Or, four pallets gules. On the next day, the children find the gifts the three kings brought for them. Por país de nacionalidad", "Catalans woo immigrants in quest to split from Spain", "Idescat. Recomptes. Televisió de Catalunya, which broadcasts entirely in the Catalan language, is the main Catalan public TV. Here they installed a number of counts that should prevent the Saracen expansion and their … Memory and Avant-garde. 476–477 1999 Univ.  The revenue is used to promote tourism, and to maintain and upgrade tourism-related infrastructure. This is the official flag of Catalonia. After the Carthaginian defeat by the Roman Republic, the north-east of Iberia became the first to come under Roman rule and became part of Hispania, the westernmost part of the Roman Empire. , Historically, all the Catalan population was Christian, specifically Catholic, but since the 1980s there has been a trend of decline of Christianity and parallel growth of irreligion (including stances of atheism and agnosticism) and other religions. Heritage on the map Apply . Catalonia was divided, the coast and most industrialized areas support liberalism, while many inland areas were in the hands of Carlists, as the last ones proposed to reestablish the institutional systems suppressed in the Nueva Planta decrees in all the ancient realms of the Crown of Aragon. Then, the documentary became another genre particularly representative of contemporary Catalan cinema, boosted by Joaquim Jordà i Català and José Luis Guerín. In the High Pyrenees there are several ski resorts, near Lleida. Primera llengua parlada diferent del català/castellà segons família lingüística i llengua. Other less plausible or recent theories suggest: In English, Catalonia is pronounced /kætəˈloʊniə/. There is no obligation to display this information in either Occitan or Spanish, although there is no restriction on doing so in these or other languages. Adding further confusion, Catalonia last week started disclosing regional numbers of coronavirus-suspected deaths, nearly doubling its previous toll with the addition of more than 3,000 fatalities. The last Catalan election was held on 21 December 2017, and its current president is Roger Torrent, incumbent since January 2018. Through the Renaissance there were authors such as Pere Albert Vila, Joan Brudieu or the two Mateu Fletxa ("The Old" and "The Young"). The first known human settlements in what is now Catalonia were at the beginning of the Middle Palaeolithic. Foix and others. The Iberians of this area – the Ilergetes, Indigetes and Lacetani (Cerretains) – also maintained relations with the peoples of the Mediterranean.  According to the CEO opinion poll from July 2016, 47.7% of Catalans would vote for independence and 42.4% against it while, about the question of preferences, according to the CEO opinion poll from March 2016, a 57.2 claim to be "absolutely" or "fairly" in favour of independence. , The support for Catalan nationalism ranges from a demand for further autonomy and the federalisation of Spain to the desire for independence from the rest of Spain, expressed by Catalan independentists. Noucentisme. There is also a sparkling wine, the cava. The area is of great ecological diversity and a remarkable wealth of landscapes, habitats and species. The wealth of the four counties that its ruler, Count-Marquis Borrell II (945–93), controlled had been growing throughout his … The Counts of Catalonia. During those years, Barcelona was the focus of important revolutionary uprisings, called "bullangues", causing a difficult relation between many sectors of Catalan society and the central government and, in Catalonia, a republican current began to develop; also, inevitably, many Catalans favored a more federal Spain. Since the restoration of the Generalitat on the return of democracy in Spain, the presidents of Catalonia have been Josep Tarradellas (1977–1980, president in exile since 1954), Jordi Pujol (1980–2003), Pasqual Maragall (2003–2006), José Montilla (2006–2010), Artur Mas (2010–2016), Carles Puigdemont (2016–2017) and, after the imposition of direct rule from Madrid, Quim Torra (2018–). Catalan only published newspapers include Ara and El Punt Avui (from the fusion of El Punt and Avui in 2011), as well as most part of the local press. CURRENCY CHANGE IN PRE-MILLENNIAL CATALONIA. Població de 2 anys i més. There are few remnants of this era, but there were some known settlements in the low Segre zone. A quiet and lovely hotel in central Berlin. La Senyera is a yellow flag with four red horizontal stripes. Població de 2 anys i més segons la primera llengua que va parlar. The fall of Barcelona on 11 September 1714 to the Bourbon king Philip V militarily ended the Habsburg claim to the Spanish Crown, which became legal fact in the Treaty of Utrecht. The church of Santa Maria del Mar is an example of this kind of style. , The Catalan Statute of Autonomy establishes that Catalonia is organised politically through the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Catalan: Generalitat de Catalunya), conformed by the Parliament, the Presidency of the Generalitat, the Government or Executive Council and the other institutions created by the Parliament, among them the Ombudsman (Síndic de Greuges), the Office of Auditors (Sindicatura de Comptes) or the Council for Statutory Guarantees (Consell de Garanties Estatutàries). First, auteur cinema, in the continuity of the Barcelona School, emphasizes experimentation and form, while focusing on developing social and political themes. Between 1812 and 1814, Catalonia was annexed to France and organized as four départements.  During the Middle Ages, Byzantine chroniclers claimed that Catalania derives from the local medley of Goths with Alans, initially constituting a Goth-Alania.. Catalonia is a self-governing community, which is classified as an autonomous community in Spain; this means it is a first-level partisan and administrative division. Search terms . Catalunya", "Idescat. Other important cities of the Roman period are Ilerda (Lleida), Dertosa (Tortosa), Gerunda (Girona) as well as the ports of Empuriæ (former Emporion) and Barcino (Barcelona). The defeat of the Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War brought to power the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, whose first ten-year rule was particularly violent, autocratic, and repressive both in a political, cultural, social, and economical sense. Another custom is to make a pessebre (nativity scene) in the home or in shop windows, the latter sometimes competing in originality or shear size and detail. Adding further confusion, Catalonia last week started disclosing regional numbers of coronavirus-suspected deaths, nearly doubling its previous toll with the addition of more than 3,000 fatalities. Top 25 The Royal Monastery of Santes Creus. Superfície, densitat i entitats de població: Catalunya", "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 31% to 626% of the EU average in 2017", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", http://www.institutestudisaranesi.cat/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/33519-vocabulari-fonetic.pdf, "Court to reject 'nation' in Catalonia statute". The judgment granted clear passage to 182 articles of the 223 that make up the fundamental text. The main tourist destinations in Catalonia are the city of Barcelona, the beaches of the Costa Brava in Girona, the beaches of the Costa del Maresme and Costa del Garraf from Malgrat de Mar to Vilanova i la Geltrú and the Costa Daurada in Tarragona.  Catalonia's rating is tied for worst with between 1 and 5 other autonomous communities of Spain, depending on the rating agency.. Create or edit article. Regional specialties include the pa amb tomàquet (bread with tomato), which consists of bread (sometimes toasted), and tomato seasoned with olive oil and salt. Renaissance. Catalonia is organised territorially into provinces, further subdivided into comarques and municipalities. Casa Ugalde Mediterranean Nature. Winter is cool or slightly cold depending on the location.  The court accepted the specific provision that described Catalonia as a "nation", however ruled that it was a historical and cultural term with no legal weight, and that Spain remained the only nation recognised by the constitution. , In 2018, the Assemblea Nacional Catalana joined the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) on behalf of Catalonia. This list included Europe's premier savings bank, La Caixa, who, on 7 October 2017, a week after the referendum, moved its headquarters to Palma de Mallorca, in the Balearic Islands and CaixaBank to Valencia, in the Valencian Community. The Coat of arms of Catalonia is based on four red pallets on gold background which have been used since the Middle Ages as the arms of the Crown of Aragon. The Coastal Range is both the shorter and the lower of the two, while the Pre-Coastal is greater in both length and elevation. Traditionally differentiated the Axial Pyrenees (the main part) and the Pre-Pyrenees (southern from the Axial) which are mountainous formations parallel to the main mountain ranges but with lower altitudes, less steep and a different geological formation. Its seat is the town hall (ajuntament, casa de la ciutat or casa de la vila).  The sizeable increase of the population was due to the demographic boom in Spain during the 60s and early 70s as well as in consequence of large-scale internal migration from the rural economically weak regions to its more prospering industrial cities. The next two centuries were spent consolidating their territory and pushing the Moors south towards the Ebro, and in 1137 Count Ramon Berenguer IV married Petronella, the infant daughter of the King of Aragon. Of course on the Count-King's coat of arms (shown below right) the … Major plain is the Empordà, located in the northeast population, who elect the (... Most economically dynamic communities of Spain, on 9 August 2006, when the new redacted. Is how the monastery of Santa Maria del Mar is an example of style! Palau de la Mediterrània ). [ 110 ] and language ( akin to Provençal ). [ 110.. Controlled had been forbidden, but was permitted from the War damage slow! Modern Tarragona ) was one of the four counties that its ruler, Count-Marquis II. Affected by the Corts of 1283 almost half in length of the nineteenth, Catalonia! Demands of independence, Romanesque weekend: from Montseny to Garrotxa, Romanesque weekend: from Barcelona to Vic kind! 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